LLM in Arbitration: Resolving Conflicts by Transcending Boundaries

25 Aug 2023

LLM in Arbitration: Resolving Conflicts by Transcending Boundaries

"Arbitration allows parties to choose their own tribunal, their own procedures, and their own substantive law, thereby enabling them to have a greater say in the resolution of their disputes." - Michael Hwang.

LLM in Arbitration: Exploring the Dynamics of Arbitration

Are you ready to explore the intricacies of this dynamic field, empowering yourself with the knowledge and skills to shape the future of dispute resolution? If yes, then brace yourself for an extraordinary journey that unravels the secrets of arbitration, pushing you towards a fulfilling career and offering a gateway to becoming a sought-after expert in the ever-evolving realm of law.

In this blog post, we delve into the unique possibilities that await you on the transformative path toward an LLM in Arbitration Degree. Get ready to unlock the doors to endless opportunities and become a force that reshapes the way conflicts are settled in today's world ushering in a new era of harmony.

Cross Border Significance of LLM in Arbitration.

In recent years, the field of arbitration has gained significant prominence in the legal arena, both domestically and globally. As disputes become more complex and cross-border transactions increase, the demand for skilled arbitration professionals has soared. In this dynamic landscape, pursuing a Master of Laws (LLM) in Arbitration in India has emerged as a gateway to a rewarding career and a wealth of opportunities.

The demand for arbitration professionals in India has witnessed an impressive surge in recent years, taking ahead of India's ambitions to become a leading global center for international commercial arbitration. The escalating need for proficient arbitration practitioners, laced with an in-depth comprehension of Indian arbitration laws and global best practices, pinpoints the importance of enrolling in an LLM in Arbitration program.

Institutions such as Manav Rachna University provide a viable pathway to transform this demand into reality by offering comprehensive education and training in the field.

Let's Explore More About LLM in Arbitration

Moving further, let's explore more about what is arbitration and how is LLM in Arbitration course beneficial.

Arbitration provides a compelling alternative to conventional court systems for resolving disputes. It offers a collaborative approach where all parties involved willingly agree to have their cases reviewed and settled by impartial arbitrators. Diverging from the formalities of traditional court proceedings, arbitration allows the disputing parties the autonomy to choose their arbitrators and define the rules that govern the process.

The introduction of the Arbitration and Conciliation Act 1996 in India, which drew inspiration from the UNCITRAL Model Law on International Commercial Arbitration, represented a significant milestone in promoting arbitration and dispute resolution mechanisms within the country.

Key Points About the Arbitration Act and its Connection to the UNCITRAL

  1. United Nations Commission On International Trade Law (UNCITRAL): The UNCITRAL Model Law on International Commercial Arbitration is a globally recognized framework for harmonizing arbitration laws across different jurisdictions. The Indian Arbitration and Conciliation Act 1996 has drawn inspiration from the UNCITRAL Model Law, aligning India's arbitration realms with international standards and best practices.
  2. Modernization of Indian Arbitration Law: The Act replaced the outdated and old Arbitration Act of 1940. Several important reforms, such as provisions for interim measures, recognition, enforcement of foreign awards, and streamlining the arbitration process.
  3. Pro-Arbitration Approach: The Act reflects a pro-arbitration approach by emphasizing party autonomy, minimal judicial intervention, and timely resolution of disputes. It seeks to provide an efficient and effective alternative to traditional litigation, promoting the use of arbitration as a preferred method for resolving commercial disputes.
  4. Facilitation of International Arbitration: The Act aligns India's arbitration law with international standards, making it more conducive to international commercial arbitration. It incorporates provisions for the enforcement of foreign arbitral awards in accordance with the New York Convention, enhancing the enforceability of awards in India and promoting India as an arbitration-friendly jurisdiction.
  5. Institutional Arbitration: The Act recognizes the role of institutional arbitration by allowing parties to refer disputes to recognized arbitral institutions. It also provides for the establishment of arbitration institutions in India, promoting the growth and development of institutional arbitration within the country.

Overall, the introduction of the Arbitration and Conciliation Act 1996 in India marked a significant shift towards a modern and robust arbitration regime. By aligning with the UNCITRAL Model Law, the Act aimed to promote arbitration as an effective means of dispute resolution, enhance India's credibility as an arbitration destination, and contribute to the ease of doing business in the country.

In recent years, significant revisions have been made to the Act, marking a substantial transformation in the landscape of arbitration practice and profession. However, it is in the past decade that the momentum surrounding arbitration in India has experienced a noteworthy surge, solidifying its position as the preferred method for resolving disputes. This transformation can be ascribed to various influential factors that have significantly impacted the realm of dispute resolution within the country.A few of the factors are

  • Business entities wanting to avoid the troublesome procedures of the court.
  • Disputing parties looking for a time-effective resolution of conflicts.
  • Increase in investment opportunities within the country.
  • India's attempt to increase its ranking in the Ease of Doing Business Index.

For those seeking to delve deeper into this fascinating field, pursuing an LLM in Arbitration is a captivating opportunity. This specialized postgraduate degree digs into the complexities of arbitration, encompassing its theoretical underpinnings, practical applications, and legal dimensions. It equips students with a profound understanding of the subject, preparing them to navigate the complex terrain of dispute resolution with expertise and confidence.

Given the burgeoning demand in this thriving domain, undertaking an LLM in Arbitration in India not only caters to the escalating need for proficient practitioners but also bestows upon students a unique competitive edge in this swiftly expanding arena. By enrolling in an LLM program focused on arbitration from Manav Rachna, aspiring legal professionals can capitalize on the unprecedented opportunities arising in the dynamic landscape of dispute resolution. They receive a comprehensive legal education that bridges the gap between theory and practice through practical training and real-world case studies. Moreover, students gain invaluable networking opportunities, connecting with experienced arbitrators, legal practitioners, and industry experts, thus shaping their professional journey.

With India's strategic focus on promoting arbitration and its rising stature in the international arena, pursuing an LLM in Arbitration in India lays a strong foundation for a rewarding career, where expertise and demand seamlessly converge.

Benefits of Pursuing LLM Arbitration in India:

  • Comprehensive Legal education: Within this enriching program, students embark on an immersive journey exploring the multifaceted aspects of arbitration. From domestic and international arbitration to unraveling the complexities of commercial disputes, investment arbitration, and alternative dispute resolution methods, the curriculum leaves no stone unturned. This holistic approach ensures that students develop well-rounded expertise, equipped with the knowledge and skills necessary to excel in the ever-evolving field of dispute resolution.

  • Bridging the Gap between Theory and Practice: An LLM in Arbitration stands out for its practical orientation that brings the classroom to life. From engaging students in interactive sessions, captivating case studies, and exhilarating mock arbitrations, to immersive internships-this program ensures hands-on experience in navigating real-world disputes. The invaluable practical exposure not only hones the learners' analytical prowess and problem-solving acumen but also serves as the vital link that transforms theoretical knowledge into real-world application. By seamlessly blending theory with practice, students emerge as adept practitioners, ready to tackle the complexities of the arbitration panorama with confidence and finesse.

  • Networking and Professional Development: Pursuing an LLM in Arbitration in India offers a unique platform for networking and professional growth. Through guest lectures, conferences, and workshops, students connect with experienced arbitrators, legal practitioners, and industry experts. These interactions foster valuable relationships and provide insights into the intricacies of the arbitration profession.

Arbitration as a Sub-Part of the Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR)

While arbitration is usually covered as a sub-part of the Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) course during undergraduate studies, the limited time available within the semester makes it challenging for instructors to delve deeply into arbitration. As a result, the knowledge disparity between what is learned in class and the demands of the field often persists. This raises concerns about the professional choices available to individuals who aspire to pursue arbitration. Participating in arbitration-centric moots, essay competitions, and undertaking summer courses or certificate programs can offer some exposure, however, none of these options is as comprehensive as pursuing a Master of Laws Program in Arbitration.

An intensive arbitration master's program not only strengthens theoretical understanding but also familiarizes students with arbitration practice and its intersection with litigation. When choosing an LLM in Arbitration, it is crucial to consider certain elements, such as an intensive program that offers a good mix of theory and practical training, a balanced course structure, a healthy mix of permanent academic faculty and practicing lawyers, and the breadth of courses offered.

Manav Rachna University (MRU) - Provides a specializedLLM in Arbitration

While a handful of universities in India offer an LLM in ADR,Manav Rachna University (MRU)is the only one that provides a specializedLLM in Arbitration, encapsulating all the above-mentioned elements.

MRU's one-year International Commercial Arbitration LLM is spread over two semesters. Each semester covers five subjects:

Semester I

Research Methods and Legal Writing

Comparative Public Law/ System of Governance

Law and Justice in Globalizing World

Commercial Arbitration: Theory and Doctrines

Commercial Arbitration: Practice and Procedure-I

Semester II

Commercial Arbitration: Practice and Procedure-II

International Commercial Arbitration: Principles and Procedure

Institutional Arbitration

Construction Arbitration


The first semester of the program aims to establish a robust conceptual foundation for students, paving the way for the subsequent semester's practical subject matter.

Esteemed practicing solicitors are invited to impart their expertise on the subjects addressed in the latter half, while the academic faculty guide students through the curriculum of the initial semester. As a requisite for degree completion, students are required to submit an all-encompassing dissertation exploring a pertinent topic of contemporary significance.

The Centre of Excellence on Alternative Dispute Resolution (CADR) supplements students' exposure to arbitration and classroom learning. The Union Law Minister, Shri Ravi Shankar Prasad, inaugurated the CADR on 07 September 2019. CADR generates and disseminates arbitration and dispute resolution research through training, workshops, webinars, and expert sessions on targeted topics. Since its inception, CADR has organized several activities on various topics by eminent personalities, of which some notable ones include:

Event Type



Guest Lecture

Career in Arbitration

- Mr. Abhinav Bhushan, Chief Executive for Asia, 39 Essex Chambers


Appointment of Arbitrators

- Justice Sanjay K Kaul, Judge Supreme Court

- Justice Rajiv Shakdher, Judge Delhi High Court


Arbitration in India: The Good, Bad and the Ugly

- Justice Ms Indu Malhotra, Former Supreme Court Judge

- Mr. Salim Moollan, Queen's Counsel

- Mr. Gourab Banerji, Senior Advocate


Investor-State Dispute Settlement: Thesis, Anti-Thesis and Possible Synthesis

- Dr. Gabrielle Kauffman-Kohler, International Arbitrator

- Ms Marike Paulsson, International Arbitrator

- Mr Promod Nair, Founding Partner, Arista Chambers


Effective Management of Complex Construction Arbitrations

- Former Supreme Court Judge, Justice A.K. Sikri

- Mr. Shashank Garg, Partner, Advani & Co.

Ten-week Certificate Course

Practice of International Arbitration

- Mr. Nakul Dewan, Senior Advocate

- Mr. Sharan Jagtiani, Senior Advocate

- Mr. Rajendra Barot, Senior Partner, AZB & Partners

- Mr. Promod Nair, Founding Partner, Arista Chambers

- Mr. Shreyas Jayasimha, Founding Partner, Aarna Law


6-Day Mediation Training Program

- Mr. J.P. Sengh, Senior Advocate

- Ms Veena Ralli, Senior Advocate

- Ms Swati Setia, Advocate

- Mr. Sumit Chander, Advocate

- Ms Mitali Gupta, Advocate

The culmination of knowledge and opportunities offered through lectures and activities at MRU's one-year arbitration course indicates that students who pursue the program would be market-ready and well-equipped to tackle complex arbitration matters. MRU stands out as one of the best universities for an LLM in arbitration. Arbitration is the current buzzword in the legal profession, coupled with sincere efforts to pitch India as a global hub, and LLM in arbitration is a stepping stone to a successful legal career.

Also, isit possible to get LLM after LLB distance education? It is indeed feasible to pursue an LLM degree following completion of an LLB through distance education. Whether one aspires to specialize in arbitration, dispute resolution, or any other field of law, a Master of Law program remains open for pursuit even after attaining an LLB degree through distance education.

In the ever-evolving realm of dispute resolution, venturing on the path of pursuing an LLM in Arbitration in India engages aspiring legal professionals on a truly transformative journey. This distinguished program, characterized by its comprehensive curriculum, experiential approach, and avenues for extensive networking, unlocks a realm of boundless possibilities and promises a truly gratifying career. Furthermore, the surging demand for accomplished arbitration experts further reinforces the invaluable prospects awaiting those who choose to venture on this specialized educational voyage.

In Nutshell: The LLM in Arbitration program in India.

The LLM in Arbitration program in India fosters students with a deep understanding of arbitration principles, laws, and practices, bridging the gap between theory and practice while nurturing their analytical and problem-solving skills.

With India's focus on becoming an international hub for commercial arbitration and the significant reforms in the Arbitration and Conciliation Act, the demand for skilled arbitration professionals continues to grow. By pursuing this program, students position themselves at the forefront of a thriving field, poised to contribute to the global landscape of dispute resolution. They gain a competitive edge and open doors to diverse opportunities in prestigious law firms, arbitration institutions, and multinational corporations.


The LLM in Arbitration in India projects learners toward a rewarding career in the dynamic and evolving world of international commercial arbitration. By taking up this transformative journey, students set their feet on a boundless path brimming with infinite possibilities, poised to make an indelible imprint on the future of arbitration. To know more about BA LLB, MRU VISIT: https://manavrachna.edu.in/blog/bba-llb-blending-business-acumen-with-legal-expertise ADMISSIONS OPEN 2023-24

The author of this post is Mr. Bharatendu Agarwal, Assistant Professor & Faculty-in-charge, Centre of Excellence on Alternative Dispute Resolution (CADR), School of Law, Manav Rachna University; Former Assistant Director (Law), SAARC Arbitration Council (SARCO).

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