Mechanical Engineering offers a broad range of career options/gaining knowledge to play a pivotal role in manufacturing toys, refrigerators, cars, engines, airplanes, and space ships. This branch comprises fascinating fields from the endless list of combustion engines, tool design, metal cutting, thermal, fluid, solid mechanics, materials, controls, robotics, automation, and automotive. He/she can code a program to become a software engineer, or he/she can design a product, machines, plants, and automobiles to become a design engineer. One needs to have a passion for courses like mathematics and physics, study mechanical engineering, sharpen the skills and pave the way to earn a lucrative career to serve society.
The core courses include courses like “Engineering Mechanics” where a student learns and applies the principles required to solve complex mechanics of engineering problems with basic prerequisite knowledge of math and physics. “Mechanics of Materials” will deal with solid objects subjected to stresses and strains and predict the response of engineering structures to uniform and variable loading. Further, the topics covered analyze the vulnerability of such structures or machine components failure predictions. “Material Science” equips a student with the knowledge of the properties and behavior of the material that goes into making a product or a machine, from ferrous to non-ferrous alloys, ceramics, refractory, abrasive and adhesive materials to intelligent materials. “Manufacturing Processes” deals with the fabrication process/forming processes of the product using casting, forging, welding, extrusion, machining, and various sheet metal operations with “Manufacturing Technology” as a course offering the knowledge of the machine tools, cutting tools and the mechanisms of the machines involved in manufacturing processes. “Theory of Machines” deals with the study of relative motions between various elements of the machines and various forces and couples acting on them. “Machine Design” involves the plan, construction, and analysis of a machine element or a plant considering the various load, critical elements, mode of failure, and the materials used. “Fluid Mechanics” helps the students gain knowledge in studying the behavior of the fluids (gas, plasma, and liquids) under various forces and different atmospheric conditions and thereby selecting a desirable fluid for a particular application, and “Fluid Machines” deals with fluid power systems or machines capable of moving heavier loads as well as greater mechanical forces. “Thermal Engineering” lays down the foundation of heat transfer and energy/work while designing a system taking into consideration the fundamental laws of “Thermodynamics,” heat loss, and energy produced in all industries, from power to nuclear energy to “Refrigeration System.”
Today in a hyper-competitive world and limitless knowledge/learning, the NEP 2020 mandates a multidisciplinary approach to designing a curriculum, catering to the students’ passion for choosing courses from different fields. An engineering student gets a different perspective and illustrates a scheme or issues if he studies humanities or medical sciences courses. To lay the foundation pathway for an exciting career in the field of mechanical engineering, the curriculum of various universities/colleges is designed with courses/modules offering core mechanical engineering courses, program electives, and multidisciplinary electives as per the needs of the modern industry. He/she needs to expose himself/herself to state-of-the-art lab facilities for practical sessions, skill set, and expertise in mechanical design software and industry internship, which can equip him/her to play a leading role in a professional capacity in both industry and academia.