MANAV RACHNA INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF RESEARCH AND STUDIES
(Formerly MANAV RACHNA INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY )
FAQs – Faculty of Allied Health Science
Bachelor of Physiotherapy
Q1. What is Physiotherapy and who are physiotherapists?
Ans. Physiotherapy means Physiotherapeutic system of medicine which includes examination, diagnosis, treatment, advice and instruction to any person in connection with the movement dysfunction, bodily malfunction, physical disorder, disability, healing and pain from trauma and disease–physical and mental conditions–using physical agents including exercise, mobilization, manipulation, mechanical and electrotherapy devices.
A professionally trained person who administers physiotherapy treatment is known as Physiotherapist. If you consider doctors as gods in human form, then maybe you can call Physiotherapists as your guardian angels.
Q2. What is the nature of work of a Physiotherapist?
Ans. A Physiotherapists job involves helping to recover and / or rehabilitate from a state of having been incapacitated. He/she has the responsibility to help restore the patient’s body to its optimal functioning level.
Tasks Involved are: Prescribe remedial exercises Muscle strength evaluation and quantification. Physical treatment by electrotherapy modalities like short-wave diathermy, microwave diathermy, ultrasonic therapy, contrast bath, cryo-therapy, hydro collator, whirlpool therapy, trans-electric muscle stimulation, infra-red therapy, ultraviolet therapy and different therapeutic exercises by automated machines. Evaluate sitting, standing balance in neurologically affected patients. Apply manual therapy, mobilization, manipulation of soft tissue techniques etc. Progress through wheelchair and gait training with or without ambulatory aids. Research in relevant areas. Aid in-home evaluation to make the environment barrier free and accessible. Improving the status of patients with cardiopulmonary dysfunction. Physiotherapists treat the reactions and responses of the body to injury, disease or abnormalities in development. They are also key health professionals in the prevention of injury.
Q3. What is the role of a physiotherapist in a healthcare team?
Ans. A Physiotherapist is a very important member of the health care team where his responsibility is to rehabilitate the patient back to normal without medicines by exercise, manual therapy, rehabilitation techniques and physical activity.
Q4. What is the normal pay Package after passing BPT?
Ans. The normal pay Package for a Physiotherapist working in a hospital, i.e., in a physiotherapy department starts with minimum Rs. 3-4 lakhs per annum. As experience increases, remuneration increases depending on the work output and the type of organization he / she is working in.
Q5. What is six months clinical internship?
Ans. After completing 4 years of BPT, six months of compulsory internship is done in a multi-specialty hospital (minimum 100 bedded) with rotating duties in different specialties of the hospital like medicine, surgery, orthopaedics, cardiac, neurology etc.
Q6. What kind of subjects will I be studying in BPT?
Ans. In BPT degree, the students will be required to study basic medical subjects such as Anatomy, Physiology, Bio-chemistry, Microbiology, Pathology, Orthopaedics, Surgery, Neurology, Cardiothoracic Diseases and Surgery, Psychiatry and then core physiotherapy subjects such as Exercise therapy, Electrotherapy, Manual therapy, Prosthetics Orthotics, Obstetrics Gynaecology, Orthopedic Physiotherapy, Neuro-Physiotherapy, Sports Physiotherapy, Cardio-Physiotherapy, Community Physiotherapy, General Physiotherapy, Research Methodology Biostatistics, Organization and Administration and Research project to develop an insight into the management and treatment of conditions.
Q7. What are the further study options after completing BPT?
Ans. After passing BPT, a student can pursue MPT in different specialized branches like – Orthopedics, Neurology, Sports Medicine, Cardiopulmonary to enhance interest areas and skills. After Masters, student can also pursue their Ph.D in the field of physiotherapy.
Further, they are also eligible for the programs like hospital administration, business management, public health management etc.
Q8. What is the scope of Research in Physiotherapy?
Ans. A Physiotherapist can do research to develop new techniques and design protocols of rehabilitation for various health disorders. As physiotherapy is an upcoming field, stronger roots of profession can develop only if evidence based practice is incorporated in clinical practice.
Q9. How about working as Physiotherapist outside India?
Ans. Physiotherapy is a very promising, rewarding and satisfactory profession abroad as paramedical science has a larger role and responsibility in a hospital scenario. After clearing the licensing examination of the given country, it opens up the wide opportunities for the physiotherapists.
Q10. What are the benefits of studying BPT in MRIIRS?
Ans. BPT program was started in 2004 in MREI and this year shall be 13th year.
The course is taught by highly qualified faculties including medical doctors, surgeons, physiotherapists, scientists with all salient features of MRIIRS campus.
The institute has tie-ups with 15 renowned hospitals of Delhi-NCR for clinical training and internship placements like Batra Hospital, VIMHANS, IBS, Asian hospital, Fortis, National Heart Institute, Metro Hospital etc The institute has foreign faculty exchange programme with Lahti University of Applied Science, Lahti, Finland. Universiti Sains Malayasia, Tsukuba University, Japan, Teesside University etc. The department keeps organizing regular workshops in medical and physiotherapy areas for updating knowledge of staffs and students. The department has state-of-the-art OPD facilities with a good patient load. The department focuses on evidence based practice which is carried out in well equipped labs designed for research purposes. The department focuses on complete holistic development of the students as Personality Development Programs and Inter disciplinary learning is incorporated into the curriculum. The Department is keen on providing international exposure to its students in the form of international conferences. The department hosted the 14thCommonwealth Sport Science Conference in 2010 in which 600 people from all over India and 23 countries of the world participated. In 2015 MRIIRS hosted 7th Asia Pacific Conference on Exercise and Sports Science (APCESS) in October in association with Asian Council of Exercise and Sports Science (ACESS) where approximately 990 national and international delegates participated.
Masters of Physiotherapy
Q1. What are the options after passing MPT program?
- To work as Consultant Physiotherapist in Multi-specialty Hospitals, Health Care Centers, NGOs; Corporate Physiotherapist in MNCs; Health Care Physiotherapy Instructor in Modern Gymnasiums; Ergonomic Care Advisor; Physiotherapist in Special Schools for Physically Challenged Children; Physiotherapist in Old Age Residential Homes
- To work as Sports Physiotherapists along with Sports Associations, Sports Team, individually hired physiotherapist by elite athletes
- To work as Entrepreneur in Rehabilitation Center/ Organization
- To work as Private Practitioner by running Private Physiotherapy Practice;
- To be an Academician as Faculty in upcoming Universities and Colleges
- To work as Clinical Researcher in Clinical Researches funded by Govt. of India and foreign organizations, Agencies, Professional bodies etc.
Q2. What is the usual pay package after passing MPT?
Ans. Normally, a Physiotherapist working in a hospital-physiotherapy department starts with a minimum Rs. 4-5 lakhs per annum and generally has sharing income from out-patient department and from patients seen in In-patient department. As the profession is skill-oriented, so with good skill and hands, one can excel in his/her career in terms of remuneration.
Q3. What are the specialties available in MPT?
Ans. MRIIRS offers MPT in disciplines i.e., Musculoskeletal, Sports, Neurology, Cardiopulmonary.
Q4. What about MPT-Musculoskeletal Physiotherapy?
Ans. Musculoskeletal Physiotherapy is a specialty of physiotherapy science which plays a significant role in therapeutic management of orthopedic disorders, dysfunctions, trauma, surgery, joint replacement surgery, rheumatologic and degenerative disorders, amputees, handicapped, geriatric care etc. by manual therapy procedures and therapeutic exercises.
Q5. What about MPT-Sports Physiotherapy?
Ans. Sports Physiotherapy is a specialty of physiotherapy science that plays a major role in multidisciplinary approach in prevention, therapeutic management of musculoskeletal sports injuries. Scientific approaches of sports training, physiological conditioning, bio-mechanical and kinesiological analysis, fitness testing, sports psychology, doping, anthropometry, sports nutrition, assessment and management of injured athletes are dealt comprehensively.
Q6. What is the significance of MPT-Neurological Physiotherapy?
Ans. Neurological Physiotherapy is a specialized physiotherapy science which plays a major role in comprehensive therapeutic management of degenerative diseases, demyelinating diseases, balance disorders, head injury, disorders of cerebral circulation, spinal injuries and fractures, pain, neuropsychological problems, developmental disorders, movement disorders, disorders of muscle tone, critical illness, neuro-surgical conditions, geriatric rehabilitation etc. with the use of various neuro-rehabilitation procedures.
Q7. What is the importance of MPT-Cardiopulmonary Physiotherapy?
Ans. Cardiopulmonary Physiotherapy is a specialized physiotherapy science wherein comprehensive rehabilitation is done after cardiothoracic surgery, for respiratory diseases, cardiovascular diseases, intensive care in respiratory and cardiac conditions, vascular surgery, pediatrics neonatal respiratory intensive care and many other conditions.
Q8. What kind of subjects will you be studying in MPT?
Ans. Depending on the specialty chosen and basic knowledge from undergraduate level, the students are taught a blend of subjects which help to build better in depth understanding of their specialization. Emphasis on research and biostatistics, interdisciplinary learning, pedagogy and ethics and law is given. Physiotherapeutic skills in both basic and advanced level i.e., manual therapy and rehabilitation approaches are part of the curriculum.
Q9. What are the options on completion of MPT?
Ans. After passing MPT a student can pursue PhD, fellowships program and certified courses in different specialized branches to enhance their academic interest.
Q10. What is the scope of Research in Physiotherapy?
Ans. Clinical research is a new upcoming area in medical sciences and it is widely developing in India as seen in Western countries. Physiotherapists in India are now switching over to Evidence Based Practice which is only possible by conducting researches. As this is a growing field in medical arena, research has great scope in physiotherapy, as with more research work better techniques and skills can be developed for rehabilitation of the patients.
Q11. How about working as Physiotherapist outside India?
Ans. Physiotherapy is a very promising, rewarding and satisfactory profession abroad, and, as paramedical science, has a larger role and responsibility in a hospital scenario. After clearing the licensing examination of the given country, it opens up wide opportunities for the physiotherapists.
Q12. What are the benefits of studying MPT in MRIIRS?
Ans. The MPT program in MRIIRS has been designed keeping in mind the international trends, skill and corporate requirements. The overall development of the student’s personality is the prime objective. The personal and professional development is carried through intense research and international collaboration. MPT program was started in 2005 by MREI and this year shall be the 12th year.
The course is taught by highly qualified faculties including medical doctors, surgeons, physiotherapists, scientists with all salient features of MRIIRS campus. The institute has tie-ups with 15 renowned hospitals of Delhi-NCR for clinical training and internship placements like Batra Hospital, VIMHANS, IBS, Asian Hospital, National Heart Institute, Metro Hospital etc. The institute has foreign faculty exchange programme with Lahti University of Applied Science, Lahti, Finland, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Tsukuba University, Japan etc.
The department keeps organizing regular workshops in medical and physiotherapy areas for updating knowledge of staffs and students. The department has state-of-the-art OPD facilities with a good patient load. The department focuses on evidence based practice which is carried out in well equipped labs designed for research purposes. The department focuses on complete holistic development of the students as Personality Development Programs and Inter disciplinary learning is incorporated into the curriculum. The Department is keen on providing international exposure to its students in the form of international conferences. The department hosted the 14thCommonwealth Sport Science Conference in 2010 in which 600 people from all over India and 23 countries of the world participated. In 2015 MRIIRS hosted the 7th Asia Pacific Conference on Exercise and Sports Science (APCESS) in October in association with Asian Council of Exercise and Sports Science (ACESS) where approximately 990 national and international delegates participated.
Meritorious Students get scholarship from Japan for Summer Training Program.
Q13. What is the focus of Physiotherapy studies?
Ans. In depth knowledge of subjects in physiotherapy and medical sciences. Research in musculo-skeletal, sports, neuro-muscular, geriatrics, pediatrics, cardiac and pulmonary rehabilitation. Assessment, examination, diagnosis making, treatment and advice to the patients of orthopedic disorder/ dysfunction, degenerative conditions, handicapped, neurological problems / impairments, pediatrics abnormalities, cardiovascular surgeries, abdominal surgeries, sports injuries, respiratory disease to name a few areas. Extending the physiotherapy expertise to all sectors of the community. Developing skilled physiotherapy professionals as per international standards. Fostering healing helping hands relationship with patients. This profession helps to encourage development and facilitates recovery, enabling people to stay in work while helping them to remain independent for as long as possible. Create professionals that add life to years, i.e., help people affected by injury, illness or disability through movement and exercise, manual therapy, education and advice.
Nutrition and Dietetics
Q1. What is Nutrition and Dietetics?
Ans. It is an integrated and professional program preparing students to work as Nutritionists as well as Dieticians.
Q2. What are the different programmes offered by the Department?
Ans. Programmes offered by the department are:-
- Undergraduate (UG): B.Sc. Nutrition and Dietetics ( Six Semester)
- Postgraduate (PG) : M.Sc Nutrition and Dietetics ( Four Semester)
Q3. What are the objectives of the programs being offered in the department of Nutrition and Dietetics?
Ans. Increasing students knowledge about nutrition and dietetics. Understanding of basic nutrition concepts. Developing skills-to make healthy decisions about nutrition. Providing practical information to make reasoned judgments about matters related to nutrition now and in the future.
Representing a happy balance between meeting an educational requirement and learning useful information. Increasing students understanding of how nutrition ‘truths are identified and thus presenting a critical thinking process for making firm decisions about nutrition.
Q4. For entrance exams, is there any prescribed syllabus for students?
Ans. It is based on general aptitude and basic science. The sample paper of MR-NAT is available on university website www.manavrachna.edu.in.
Q5. What are various job opportunities after pursuing the program?
Ans. PUBLIC SECTOR:
- Public Health Departments
- International Organizations (UNICEF/ UNDP/ WHO)
- Non-Governmental Organizations
- Community Development Programmes
- Multi National Companies
- Own Private Practice
- Food Industry
- Consultant for Private Companies, Private Hospitals, Airlines and Railways, Hotels, Health Care Centers
- Quality food service establishments.
- Sports and Fitness centers.
- Health and Wellness Industries.
- Private Hospitals.
- Airlines and Railways
- Hotels, Counselors in Schools etc.
- Central Food Technological Research Institute (CFTRI)
- Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR)
- Indian Council of Agriculture Research (ICAR)
- National Institute of Nutrition (NIN)
Universities, Colleges and Schools.
Q6. What is the placement record of previous batches?
Ans. Students were placed in various health care industries like:
- Sports Authority of India
- Azurra Pharmaconutrition
- Dr. Shikha Sharma Nutrihealth
- Dr. Lal Path Labs
- Fitness Yatra, Noida
- Personal Point
- Fitness First
- Escorts Hospital, Faridabad
- AIIMS Trauma Center, New Delhi
- Asian Institute of Medical Sciences, Faridabad
- VLCC Healthcare, Delhi
- Talwalkars Prime Fitness, Delhi
- Max Hospital, Saket
- Paras Hospital, Gurgaon
- Jaipur Golden Hospital, Delhi
- PGI, Chandigarh
- Guardian Lifecare Pvt. Ltd.
- Nutrilife India Pvt. Ltd
- Taj Group Of Hotels
- Apollo Hospital
- Consultant Nutritionist in IBM and Nestle
- Artemist, Gurgaon
- RML Hospital, New Delhi
Q7. How is this program different from programs offered by other Universities?
Ans. This program provides two month Clinical / Industrial training in various multi specialty hospitals and industries in the B.Sc program. University has tie ups with multi-specialty hospitals/ industries.
Tie ups with various International Universities for Student – Faculty Exchange Program
Earning while Learning, a unique concept.
Health Camps as a CSR activity.
Tie ups with industries for research projects.
Q8. What is the teaching methodology adopted?
- Classroom lecture by faculty
- Demonstration by faculty
- Independent work by student guided by faculty
- Hands on practical work by students
- Self initiated and directed study by students
- Self initiated and directed study by students with faculty evaluation
- Seminar presentation by student with faculty moderation and evaluation by peers
Q9. Do boys also opt for this course? If yes, then what are various job prospects for them?
Ans. Yes, boys also opt for this professional course. Job prospects are the same as for girls. They are generally more interested to join the corporate sector (e.g. Food manufacturing companies and health centers).
Q10. Is there any scholarship policy for the meritorious students?
Yes, the University offers scholarship to all students on the basis of marks / CGPA in the qualifying examinations. For more details: www.manavrachna.edu.in
Q10. How is the quality of the faculty of the Department?
Ans. The University has well-qualified, experienced faculty for the Nutrition and Dietetics programme. They have practical experience and are experts in the area of Nutrition and Dietetics. They are also actively involved in research and have published extensively in National and International Journals of repute.
Q11. Is there any provision for campus placement?
Ans. Yes, through Corporate Resource Centre (CRC) department organizes campus placement programme for the benefit of qualified nutritionists. CRC provides opportunity to the employers to interact with young aspirants. Various renowned food and healthcare industries are invited for the recruitments.
Q12. What are the additional prospects of personality development in the course?
Ans. The candidate will have:
Experience in a variety of areas related to dietetic practice: clinical, community nutrition and food service management;
Evidence of characteristics as leadership, self-reliance, initiative, good communication skills (oral and verbal) and academic excellence in nutrition related sciences.
Q13. Any industrial exposure provided to the students?
Ans. Industry- Institute interaction is an important aspect of our curriculum. The Department arranges students visits to different corporate giants like DIPAS, Yakult, Mother Dairy, Tilda rice, Haldirams, Flight Kitchen, Britania, Chintamani etc. These industrial visits provide hands on practical exposure and help in multi-dimensional development of the students, giving them an edge over others in terms of industrial exposure.
Q14. What are the international collaborations of the department?
Ans. Research Collaboration, scholarships and faculty/student exchange programme with international universities: Tsukuba University, Japan; Lahti University of Applied Sciences, Lahti, Finland, Leeds, U.K.; University Sains, Malaysia, Teesside University, U.K. and University Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Malaysia
Q15. What are the other activities performed by the department?
Ans. As a part of its corporate social responsibility, the department conducted free health and awareness camps for corporates like NTPC, ONGC, IBM, NESTLE as well as community level, to promote health and wellness on critical issues of concern like cancer, diabetes, hypertension etc.
Manav Rachna Aahar – an NGO initiated by the Department to provide free meals to the poor and needy living in the nearby slum.
- Regular Counseling sessions at departmental OPD
- Observance of Health Days: National Nutrition week, World Health Day
- Doping Control/ Medical Officer at Commonwealth Games, Delhi.
- Sports Nutrition counseling during various tournaments and Corporate Cricket Matches
Q16. Do you offer courses by internet, correspondence, or night school?
Ans. No, we do not.
Q17. After being awarded with M.Sc. in Nutrition and Dietetics degree, will candidates be eligible to become a Registered Dietician?
Ans. Yes the candidate will be eligible for it but they have to clear the registered dietician exam conducted by the authorized organization.
Q18. Can a student undergo Dietetic Internship Program during B.Sc. Nutrition and Dietetics?
Ans. The Dietetic Internship Program can be undertaken simultaneously during B.Sc. in reputed hospitals of Delhi NCR. Department of Nutrition and Dietetics is unique to offer internship during Bachelors course itself.
Q19. What are the chief highlights of Bachelors and Masters course?
Ans. B.Sc. – Nutrition Dietetics (3 year) including:-
- Two month clinical/ industrial training
- Research Project
- Exposure of Health Camps on Recent Chronic Diseases
- Indulged in many National and International Conferences
M.Sc. – Nutrition Dietetics (2 year) with specialization in:
- Clinical Nutrition and Dietetics
- Food Science and Technology
- Sports Nutrition
- Public Health Nutrition
Research work and Projects
Indulged in many National and International Conferences
Q20. What are the major hospitals that provide hands on training to the students?
Ans. The Department is associated with the list of following hospitals at Delhi NCR-
- Metro Heart Hospital, Faridabad
- Medanta Medicity Hospital, Gurgaon
- AIIMS Trauma center, New Delhi
- ASIAN Hospital , Faridabad
- PGI, Chandigarh
- Fortis Escorts, Faridabad
- Fortis Escorts, New Delhi
- Sunflag Hospital ,Faridabad
- Primus Hospital , New Delhi
- VIMHANS Hospital, New Delhi
- Max Hospital, Saket
- Paras Hospital, Gurgaon
- Columbia Asia Hospital, Gurgaon
- Artemis Hospital, Gurgaon
- Majidia Hospital, Delhi
- Jaipur Golden Hospital, Delhi
- Kalyani- Escorts, Gurgaon
- Prestigious Health Care Centers
- Sarvodaya Hospital, Faridabad
- Holy Family Hospital, Delhi
- Kailash Hospital, Noida
- Apollo Hospital, New Delhi
Q21. What is the participation of students and faculty in extension activities?
Ans. Extension activities are made mandatory for the students to promote Community linkage, Social Responsibility, Interaction with the people and Problem Analyzing and Solving Skills. In Contemporary society, the students are highly ignorant about the problems of the society where they live. Therefore, it is realized that the students must be sensitized about the society and extension activities are made mandatory for them.
The different Practices adopted are:
- Organizing Health Camps, Awareness camps under Dr. O.P Bhalla Foundation Trust in rural areas.
- Adoption of Mohna Village for various academic activities , counselling , training workshops , Health and hygiene practices
- Organizing camps in association with various organizations like NTPC, ONGC etc for the employees of the organization and near vicinity.
Association of the department with Red Cross Society, Rotary Clubs that are functioning in the University .They involve the students in the activities like:
- Organizing camps like AIDS awareness, de addiction, Cancer awareness etc.
- Participation in Marathon, Walkathon and Rallies against Drug Addiction, Junk Food etc.
- Blood Donation
- Collecting sponsors and donations for relief and rehabilitation of people affected by natural calamities
- Students contribution to old age homes by frequent visits, physical and monetary help
- Campus Cleaning and Beautification
Q22. What are the major research thrust areas as recognized by the major funding agencies in the department?
Ans. The major research thrusts are:-
- Women Health and Nutrition
- Health Promotion
- Food Product Development
- The faculty members have published many international and national papers in reputed journals and few faculty members have published chapter in books and edited the books.
Q23. Are there any Faculty member associated and serving in National committees, International committees, Editorial Boards etc. ?
Ans. Yes, they are active members of Indian Dietetic Association, Nutrition Society of India, The Indian Society for Parentral Enteral Nutrition, Society of Biological Chemists etc. Few of them are members of editorial boards of MR International Journal of Applied Health Science and Joint Secretory-Indian Dietetic Association-Delhi Chapter
Q24. What is the status of students doing projects in collaboration with other universities /industry / institute?
Ans. Many students have undertaken several projects at Saffola India Pvt Ltd, UNICEFF, SAI – Bangalore, Tsukuba University -Japan etc.
Q25. What are the Awards / recognitions received at the national and international level by Faculty?
Ans. The faculty has won many awards in oral presentations and poster presentations as President Poster Award, Best Research Proposal Award, Achievers Award, International Travelling Awards and Education Award in different national and international conferences.
Q26. Does the department organize any kind of Seminars/ Conferences/Workshops?
Ans. Yes, to brush up the students practical knowledge and help ensure their academic enrichment, laboratory experiments, training sessions, workshops, personality development workshops and seminars are conducted all year long such as International Seminar on ‘Contemporary Perspective on Health, National Nutrition Week-Paushtik Aahar Desh Ka Aadhar, Workshop on Food Preservation Processing, Research Methodology etc.
Q27. What are the contributions of the department in generating new knowledge, basic or applied?
Ans. The creativity of the students is kindled by encouraging them to write in the University magazine and publish their project outcomes as research articles in the research journals of our University. Departments send the students to other research organizations like DRDO, NDTL, SAI etc for knowledge sharing during their summer vacation. Students are motivated to participate and present papers in national and international forums.
The department creates a culture of instilling and nurturing creativity and scientific temper among the learners through the following ways:
- Developing a curriculum that generates scientific awareness among students and provides them with ample opportunities at every step to practically assess and evaluate what they are learning.
- Incorporating practical training/internship and professional exposure as essential components in curriculum. Students get direct exposure to industrial and manufacturing process and develop a scientific and technological temper.
- Designing activities and tasks that assess a students aptitude for scientific, analytical and logical thinking and encourage creative thinking, like exhibitions, science projects, expo, etc.
- Enhancing entrepreneurial skills among students through on campus activities, like organizing cafeterias and Science exhibitions. Incorporating the component of organizing canteens on campus, as compulsory in the PG curricula.
- Incorporating the component of primary research through compulsory seminar and research projects/dissertations, in the UG and PG curriculum.
- Providing increased exposure to the global trends through extension, lectures, seminars and conferences.
- Encouraging students to present papers and posters in various conferences and seminars.
- Encouraging students to contribute to campus buzz and in house publications.
- Organizing year round activities and sending the students to participate in activities like quiz, dramatics, debate, cultural activities, etc. organized by other universities.