Climate shift is a change in the weather pattern. The climate of earth has changed several times, but in recent years the change in temperature is very frequent due to various reasons but the most important factor is global warming (it is the increase of Earth’s average surface temperature due to effect of greenhouse gasses, such as carbon dioxide emissions or from deforestation). Like we all know that if support is removed from a chair the balance of that chair is completely disturbed, same is in the case of eco system or environment if we create disturbance in any part like if we cut forests or if we emit harmful gases in atmosphere it will automatically disturb the whole chain.
There is shift in climate but if we notice there is a variation in temperature throughout the day which is not good for health for both children and adults. This variation is also a huge problem but reason for these variations remains the same for the climate shift.
The affect of these changes are on health and also on the economy of the country. If we take example of India, agriculture is contributing 13.7% in its GDP and it is totally based on climate; if farmers will not be able to tackle climate there will be less crops and the needs of the citizens would not be fulfilled which will be a major issue. Fewer crops would mean increased prices of food and the poor would be deprived of food.
The table below shows climate shift in March 1st week (in Celsius):
From the table we can figure out that the temperature in 1st week of March is varying each year, earlier it was changing in a span of 5 years which is now taking place at a rapid pace every year.
According to a report, the greenest part of the Earth which is Amazon rain forest has started shrinking and some greenery can now be seen in the Sahara desert and both of these are occurring because of the climate shift.
This case study is just not related to Environmental Studies but it is important from an economical point of view. If there will be a shift in climate it will affect the agriculture as climate is the factor which affect crops and growth. Due to this, people will not be able to earn money in their designated tenures.
There are few solutions proposed for the problems created due to this imbalance in environment. The solutions are very easy to implement if every individual in society will understand their responsibility towards our mother Earth, some of the solutions include Car pooling, Planting trees, Dumping of waste in such a way that it can be recycled, Educating people and making them aware, Stop using plastic, using cleaner ways of generating energy, Not using harmful pesticides which decrease the fertility of soil and using more green and clean ways of production.
By:- PRAVEEN YADAV
Alumni, BBA (G) IB Batch 2014